Facilitation Techniques

graphic for facilitation techniques


  • Understand the importance of setting ground rules in conflict resolution.
  • Learn techniques to encourage open dialogue among conflicting parties.
  • Master the art of reaching a consensus.


Facilitation techniques are essential tools in the toolkit of anyone tasked with managing conflict, whether you’re a team leader, manager, or mediator. These techniques help structure the conversation in a way that encourages constructive dialogue and ultimately leads to a resolution. This lesson will delve into the key facilitation techniques of setting ground rules, encouraging open dialogue, and reaching consensus.

Setting Ground Rules

Purpose: Ground rules set the stage for a respectful and productive discussion. They help create a safe space where each party feels heard and valued.

  • Common Ground Rules:
    • No interrupting when someone is speaking.
    • Maintain confidentiality.
    • Avoid personal attacks.
    • Stick to the issue at hand.

Implementation: Ground rules should be agreed upon by all parties before the discussion begins. They can be written down and displayed to serve as a constant reminder during the dialogue.

Encouraging Open Dialogue

  • Active Listening: Reiterate the importance of active listening, where each party fully focuses, understands, and responds to the speaker.
  • Open-Ended Questions: Use questions that cannot be answered with a simple ‘yes’ or ‘no’ to encourage deeper discussion.
  • Non-Verbal Cues: Pay attention to body language, facial expressions, and tone of voice as they can provide insights into unspoken feelings or concerns.
  • Time Management: Ensure that each party has an equal opportunity to speak and that the discussion stays focused.

Reaching Consensus

What is Consensus?: Consensus doesn’t mean that everyone agrees 100% but rather that all parties can live with the proposed solution.

  • Techniques:
    • Brainstorming: Encourage all parties to offer solutions without judgment.
    • Ranking: Have each party rank the proposed solutions in order of preference.
    • Negotiation: Parties may need to make concessions to reach a consensus.
  • Confirmation: Once a consensus is reached, it should be clearly stated and agreed upon by all parties to avoid any future misunderstandings.


Facilitation techniques are crucial for guiding a conflict resolution process towards a constructive outcome. Setting ground rules creates a respectful environment, encouraging open dialogue ensures that all voices are heard, and reaching a consensus provides a solution that all parties can accept.