Introduction to Marketing

graphic for intro to marketing


This article serves as an introduction to the world of marketing. Whether you’re a seasoned professional looking to refresh your knowledge or a newcomer eager to grasp the basics, this article will set the foundation for understanding the essential elements of marketing.


  • Understand what marketing is and its evolution over time
  • Recognize the importance of marketing in business
  • Identify the core principles of marketing
  • Differentiate between marketing and sales

What is Marketing?

Marketing is the process of creating, communicating, delivering, and exchanging offerings that have value for customers, clients, partners, and society at large. It’s not just about selling a product or service; it’s about delivering value and building meaningful relationships with customers.

The Evolution of Marketing

Marketing has evolved significantly over the years, from the simple trade era where the focus was merely on the distribution of goods, to the sales era where aggressive sales techniques were popular, and now to the modern-day relationship era, where building long-term relationships with customers is paramount.

Importance of Marketing in Business

Marketing is crucial for several reasons:

  • Customer Engagement: It helps you engage with your customers and understand their needs and preferences.
  • Brand Building: Effective marketing strategies help in creating a strong brand image.
  • Sales and Revenue: Ultimately, marketing drives sales and revenue growth.
  • Competitive Advantage: Good marketing can provide a significant edge over competitors.

Core Principles of Marketing: The 7 Ps

The core principles of marketing have expanded from the original “4 Ps” to now include seven, often referred to as the “7 Ps”:

  • Product: What you are selling, whether it’s a good or a service.
  • Price: The cost of the product or service.
  • Place: Where and how the product will be sold.
  • Promotion: How you communicate the product’s features and benefits.
  • People: Both the team that makes your business run and the customers you serve.
  • Process: The procedures, mechanisms, and flow of activities by which services are consumed.
  • Physical Evidence: The tangible elements that facilitate the service or product, like a retail store, website, or marketing materials.

Understanding these principles is key to creating effective marketing strategies.

Additional Marketing Concepts

  • Market Segmentation: The process of dividing a market into distinct groups that have similar needs and will respond similarly to a marketing action.
  • Targeting: Selecting the segments to focus on as part of your marketing strategy.
  • Positioning: Defining how you want your product to be perceived in relation to competitors.

Marketing vs Sales

While marketing and sales are closely related, they are not the same. Marketing involves a range of activities like market research, product development, distribution, and customer service. Sales, on the other hand, is the actual process of persuading a prospective customer to buy the product.

Key Takeaways

  • Marketing is not just about selling; it’s a multi-faceted approach to delivering value and building customer relationships.
  • The field of marketing has evolved significantly, focusing now more than ever on long-term customer relationships.
  • Understanding the core principles of marketing, including the expanded “7 Ps,” is crucial for any successful marketing strategy.


This article has provided you with a foundational understanding of what marketing is, its history, its importance in business, and its core principles.